Federal Ownership of Property

America’s “Framers” only expected the Federal Government to own land for “the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, Dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings” under Article 1, Section 8, Clause 17 of the US Constitution. They never expected the Federal Government to own significant amounts of real-estate property in all States or to hold extensive land ownership and control in newly formed States because this would undermine State authority and could promote Federal over-reach and corruption.

These issues were not considered when Washington DC addressed adding the Western States to the Union. They established a number of precedents that have not been fully addressed by Federal Courts or American Voters in terms of State Rights and Constitutionality, such as:
Federal Supremacy” and “The Ordinance” provisions being “irrevocable without the consent of Congress and the people of a State”.

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