America’s “Framers” only expected the Federal Government to own land for “the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, Dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings” under Article 1, Section 8, Clause 17 of the US Constitution. They never expected the Federal Government to own significant amounts of real-estate property in all States or to hold extensive land ownership and control in newly formed States because this would undermine State authority and could promote Federal over-reach and corruption.
These issues were not considered when Washington DC addressed adding the Western States to the Union. They established a number of precedents that have not been fully addressed by Federal Courts or American Voters in terms of State Rights and Constitutionality, such as: “Federal Supremacy” and “The Ordinance” provisions being “irrevocable without the consent of Congress and the people of a State”.
In 2021 the Federal Government owns an untold amount of wealth and assets (buildings, equipment, etc..), plus 27.4% of America’s Land (623.3 million acres out of 2.3 billion acres). Federal Holdings include: 4.63% of the 13 Colonies (9.3 million acres); 4.4% of the states added in the next 50-years (16.3 million acres); but 51.6% of 12 Western States (577 million acres out of 1.1 billion acres), as follows: Alaska 61.24% 223.8 million acres; Nevada 84.94% 59.7 million acres; California 45.77% 45.9 million acres; Utah 64.90% 34.2 million acres; Idaho 61.63% 32.6 million acres; Oregon 52.95% 32.6 million acres; Wyoming 48.14% 30 million acres; Arizona 38.61% 28 million acres; Montana 28.95% 27 million acres; New Mexico 34.70% 27 million acres; Colorado 35.90% 23.9 million acres; Washington 28.52% 12.2 million acres.
This is Clearly Unconstitutional and a Violation Of State Rights that must be Reversed